Comparison Between Egyptian and Mesopotamian Religions and Beliefs!
The spiritual beliefs of the ancient Egyptians had been the dominating influence in the progress their culture. The Egyptian trust was based on a collection of ancient misconceptions, nature worship, and innumerable deities. Sumerian lives were spent providing the gods in the form of man-made sculptures. There was no organized group of gods; each city-state had its very own patrons, temples, and priest-kings. The Sumerians were probably the first to jot down their beliefs, which were the motivation for much of later Mesopotamian mythology, religion, and astrology. Sumerians thought that the universe consisted of a flat drive enclosed by a tin dome. While the Mesopotamian’s didn’t have anything at all quit to scale with the pyramids, they did use and develop ziggurats for religious purposes.
Both civilizations were centered on religion. Egypt believed in many gods. The gods Mesopotamia believed in tended to be complete rulers to whom the people due total devotion. In both cultures religious leaders were given very high position and held in high respect. Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt are usually two religions that believed within monotheism. Both Egypt and Mesopotamia were polytheistic, that is, they thought their worlds were ruled simply by more than one god. Both civilizations thought that the gods created them. Both cultures also believed that they by themselves were created for the purpose of serving their own gods. Both worshipers took their own names from the numerous gods and the cults that honored the particular deities, and priests in both beliefs were no special clothes, and made daily offering in the wats or temples and held annual festivals available to public.
Mesopotamian religion saw people as the servants of the gods, that had to be appeased for protection. Egyptians believed that the gods created almost all humans but were also managed by the principle of maat, or even order. Unlike followers of Mesopotamian religion, the Egyptians had a solid belief in the afterlife, which they portrayed by building elaborate tombs such as the pyramids. The Sumerian afterlife involved the descent into a gloomy netherworld to invest eternity in a wretched existence being a Gidim (ghost). Egyptians believed that will their gods had created Egypt as a sort of refuge of good and order in a world filled with mayhem and disorder. The major our god for much of Mesopotamia was the atmosphere god Enlil; later th electronic worship of Enlil was changed by the worship of the Babylonian our god Marduk. For Egyptians, Amen-Ra was your most powerful deity, chief of the pantheon. Statues of winged bulls had been a protective symbol related to the particular god Sin Mesopotamia, while the ankh, a kind of cross with a loop at the very top, was a prominent representation of lifestyle in ancient Egypt. The Enuma Elish tells the Mesopotamian tale of creation and explains just how Marduk became the chief of the gods. The Egyptian Book of the Dead was a guide for the dead, aiming magic spells and charms for use to pass judgment in the afterlife. Ancient Nippur was the site of the main temple to Enlil, while Babylon was the location of Marduk’s haven. Thebes and the temple compound of Karnak were home towards the worship of Amen- Ra. In the modern world the remains of these earlier religions can be seen in Egypt’s pyramids, tombs for the pharaohs, and within Mesopotamia’s ziggurats, temples to the gods. The New Year’s Festival was obviously a major event in Mesopotamian faith, while Egypt’s most important festival had been Opet. Because Egypt was the “gift of the Nile” and generally prosperous and enlightening, Egyptian gods tended to reveal a positive religion with an emphasis on an optimistic afterlife. In contrast, Mesopotamian religious beliefs was bleak and gloomy. Ancient Mesopotamian prayers demonstrate the lack of associations with gods and goddesses that viewed humans with suspicion and frequently sent calamities to help remind everyone of their humanity. Such was your message found in the Gilgamesh Epic.
Although the religions of each civilizations shared many similarities, right after were vast. The most notable types are the importance and belief associated with afterlife and the relationship between Gods. Because of these differences, we think, the civilizations were different due to the fact in early times, civilizations revolved close to their beliefs and values yet unfortunately, there was an end to these excellent civilizations.